After a woman is diagnosed with ovarian cancer, the next step for a gynaecologist or oncologist is to determine the stage of the cancer. There are 4 stages of cancer starting from I to IV. (1 to 4). Lower number being an earlier stage than the number following it.
Female reproductive system is made up of vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Ovarian cancer is one of the three common cancers that a female body can develop. Other two types of cancers are cervical cancer (develops in the cervix) and endometrial cancer (develops in the uterus).
Itchy vagina is a more common problem in many women than you may think. There are many factors that can cause vaginal itch ranging from growing pubic hair (after shaving) to sexually transmitted infection.
Know what ovarian cysts are, their types, symptoms you would likely see when you have cysts and what are the available treatment options.
When your doctor diagnoses you with fibroids, the main aim of the treatment will be:
a. Reducing the pain and bleeding during menstruation
b. Trying to reduce the risk of infertility
The type of treatment preferred by your gynecologist will depend on your age, whether you are willing to become pregnant in the future, if you have recurring fibroids, severity of fibroids etc.
Fibroids are benign (non cancerous) growth of tissues inside or outside the uterus. Uterine fibroids are also called ‘leiomyomas’. Depending on the location of the unwanted growths, the fibroids are categorized into different types.
Types of fibroids:
a. Intramural fibroids
b. Submucosal Fibroids
c. Subserous and Broad Ligament & Cervical fibroids
Fibroids are abnormal, often benign (non-cancerous) growths that develop inside or on the outside of a woman’s uterus. While they are small, many women may not even have any symptoms but as they grow, they can cause severe abdominal pain, heavy to very heavy periods and can also be a cause of infertility. Fibroids are also knows as leiomyomas or myomas or uterine myomas or fibromas.
Marsupialisation is a surgical procedure performed to treat Bartholin’s cyst. In this surgery, the Bartholin’s gland is cut open and the edges of the skin are sutured (not to each other) to form a continuous surface. This keeps the cut open and drains the puss (abscess) from the swollen gland.
Heavy menstrual bleeding (previously called Menorrhagia) is a condition where a woman can have heavier than normal bleeding or the duration of her periods can be longer than normal. It is very rare that a woman becomes anemic but feeling tired, getting dehydrated are common symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding. To read more on heavy menstrual bleeding and its causes, please visit our article ‘Heavy menstrual bleeding (Menorrhagia) – causes’.
Heavy menstrual bleeding, previously known as menorrhagia, can refer to any of the following among menstruating women:
a. Losing more blood during regular 5 days menstrual cycle
b. Periods lasting longer than 5 days.