Uterine Polyps – Diagnosis & Treatment

Uterine polyps are unwanted growth of cells on the inner lining of the uterus. These cells grow into benign tumors and extend into the uterus and may be even into the vagina. They are also called endometrial polyps as they stem from the endometrium layer (inner lining) of the uterus. Learn more about Uterine Polyps – Symptoms and Causes by visiting this article.

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Ovarian HyperStimulation Syndrome (OHSS) – Symptoms & Causes

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is a bodily response to the excess hormones given to the body after which the ovaries swell and become painful. Excess hormones are given to those women whose ovaries need stimulation to produce eggs while preparing them for an IVF procedure. Less frequently, Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome occurs when certain fertility related medicines are taken orally.

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Dysmenorrhea – Menstrual Pain or Pain in abdomen due to cramps

Dysmenorrhea or Menstrual cramps are common during the menstrual cycle. Symptoms include cramps in the abdomen, bleeding (discharge of inner lining of the uterus along with other fluids), pain in lower back and thighs, fatigue and mood swings.
If the symptoms last longer than 5 days and if you think that is unusual, please speak to your gynaecologist immediately because the problem may be due to secondary dysmenorrhea that can indicate problem with any of the reproductive organs.

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Genital Warts in Women – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Genital Warts are caused by certain strains of Human Papilloma Virus, one of the widely spread Sexually Transmitted Infections. HPV can spread from skin to skin contact from infected individual to a healthy individual. Genital warts can be seen in both and men but women are more vulnerable to the infection. Vaccine is available for certain strains of HPV. Genital warts can show up after a long interval after infection. They can recur until the infection is treated.

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Sex during pregnancy

Sex during pregnancy – Is it safe to have sex when pregnant or will it result in miscarriage? Why do some women feel contractions after having sex, does that indicate water breaking or any other problem? Do all women feel like having sex while they are pregnant? When should a pregnant woman actually take caution while having sex? Know answers to all these questions and more in one of the most read topics on the internet.

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Geriatric Pregnancy – Is it ok to get pregnant after 35 years of age?

Geriatric pregnancy, a less commonly used term for women who get pregnant after 35 years of age. The term was widely used in the earlier decades when most of the women were getting pregnant during their 20s, but as the lifestyle of people has changed, getting pregnant in ‘elderly years’ has become a very common thing. Now-a-days, doctors and medical professionals call women who get pregnant after 35 as women in ‘advanced maternal age’.

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Rectocele – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

A rectocele is a type of pelvic organ prolapse where the rectum bulges and pushes the back side (posterior) of vagina. Rectocele is also called ‘Posterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse’ or ‘Proctocele’. In our previous article, you would have read about ‘Anterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse’ in which the urinary bladder bulges into the front wall (anterior) of the vagina.

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Bladder Prolapse (Prolapsed Bladder or Cystocele) – Stages & Treatment

Bladder prolapse occurs due to weakening of muscles in the pelvis region. Symptoms of the bladder prolapse include bulged or feeling full in the vagina. Pain and problem when urination or having intercourse. If you see any of these symptoms, please talk to your gynecologist immediately. Once your gynecologist diagnoses you, you will be suggested with surgical or non surgical solutions depending on your condition.

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Vaginal Prolapse – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Vaginal prolapse or pelvic organ prolapse occurs due to weakening of muscles in the pelvis region. Symptoms of the vaginal prolapse include bulged or feeling full in the pelvis region or abdomen. Pain and problem when urination or passing stools etc may also be seen. If you see any of these symptoms, please talk to your gynecologist immediately. Once your gynecologist diagnoses you, you will be suggested with surgical or non surgical solutions depending on your condition.

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Uterine Prolapse – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Uterine prolapse refers to a condition when the uterus drops down from its original position. Reasons can be many but it happens due to weakening of pelvic muscles. Weakening of pelvic muscles may be due to age, injury or trauma to the pelvis region, pregnancy, vaginal child, multiple vaginal child births or multiple surgeries to pelvic region. Fixing the uterus in its place or removing it completely are treatment options for uterine prolapse. Remedies for minor cases of prolapse include Kegel exercise, preventing constipation, avoiding lifting heavy weights etc.

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Pelvic Organ Prolapse – What is it and what are the symptoms?

There are several soft organs inside the pelvis region which are held in their place by the muscles and tissues in the area. As the muscles lose strength, the organs start to fall down causing pelvic organ prolapse. Almost every woman (and some men), suffer from pelvic organ prolapse. Women get it mainly due to the pressure laid by growing baby on the pelvic region during pregnancy and vaginal delivery that tears a lot of muscles and tissues. Multiple vaginal deliveries are going to make things worse unless the pelvic floor muscles are worked out and strengthened.

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Treatment of Fibroids – Is hysterectomy an ultimate option?

Myomectomy procedure involves removal of fibroids. Once the fibroids are removed, they won’t grow back but there is a possibility of fibroids growing in different region.  Myomectomy gets rid of the symptoms in about 90% of women. 33% of women who undergo Myomectomy will need another surgery, typically in next 5 years as the fibroids return, in different places.  Hysterectomy is a procedure where the uterus is removed, giving no possibility of fibroids re-growth.

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Vaginal Health in Diabetic Women

1. Diabetes is a condition where the sugar levels in blood are consistently higher.
2. Type 1 diabetes affects 10% of the people and rest of the 90% of diabetic people have Type 2.
3. Problem in and around vagina arises in women with diabetes.
4. PCOS, Infertility, miscarriage, difficulty in getting pregnant can be seen.
5. Other complications include kidney diseases, heart problems, blurred vision, amputation etc.

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Human Papilloma Virus – Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms and Diagnosis

HPV – Human Papilloma Virus is one of the most common and easily transmissible sexually transmitted infections. Just like many other viral infections, HPV infection may not show any symptom at all in some patients and in some others, symptoms may show up after the sero-conversion period. Typically, sexually active people are at higher risk of acquiring the disease.

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Vaginismus – Involuntary contraction of muscles around vagina

Vaginismus – Involuntary contraction of muscles around vagina Vaginismus is a medical condition wherein the muscles around the vagina contract involuntarily during sexual penetration. Due to the involuntary contraction, sexual penetration may not happen and can affect a woman (and her partner) in a negative way psychologically. Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles can happen not…

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Dyspareunia (Painful Intercourse) – Causes & Treatment

Dyspareunia (Painful Intercourse) – Causes & Treatment Dyspareunia refers to persistent and recurring pain during intercourse. While this is common in women who have reached menopause, there are several other medical conditions that can lead to Dyspareunia in younger women.  When a woman is not able to enjoy her intimate moments, she consciously or unconsciously…

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Vaginal Atrophy – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Vaginal Atrophy – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Vaginal Atrophy, also called Postmenopausal Atrophic Vaginitis is a condition when the walls of vagina become thin because of decreased estrogen levels. This is typically seen in women who have reached menopause state.  At times, this happens in women while they are in their perimenopause stage. Menopause typically…

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(Ectopic) Pregnancy after Sterilization – Is it possible?

Pregnancy after Sterilization – Is it possible? What are the different ways in which a woman can be sterilized (family planning surgery)? Tubal Ligation – A surgery in which the fallopian tubes are disconnected. This can be done in several ways: Disconnect and close each open end with stitches Block with band or clips Cauterized…

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Cervical Cancer – Cancer of the Cervix

Cervical Cancer – Cancer of the Cervix Cervix is a part of the reproductive system in women that resides as a bridge between the vagina and the uterus. When cancerous /abnormal cells start growing in the cervix region, it is termed as cervical cancer. If ignored or left untreated, cancer can spread (metastasize) to other…

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Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women

Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are those diseases caused by Sexually Transmitted Infections during sexual acts such as oral, vaginal or anal.  Many STDs show no symptoms, especially those caused by viral infections. In some, symptoms may show up after certain period (may be after weeks or months).  Common STD…

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Bacterial Vaginosis – Symptoms, causes and Treatment

Bacterial Vaginosis – Symptoms, causes and Treatment What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis is an unpleasant medical condition of the vagina that produces stinky discharge due to imbalance and overgrowth of bacteria that is present in the vagina. Previously it was thought of as an infection from outside bacteria entering the body and causing the…

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PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – What is it?

PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – What is it? ‘Polycystic’ means, having multiple cysts.  This is quite a misnomer because; many women suffering from PCOS problem do not have any cysts at all.  PCOS is a hormonal condition that some women get during their fertile age.  This condition can affect the fertility of the person. …

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Endometriosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Endometriosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is a condition where the lining of the uterus (called Endometrium) that usually grows inside the uterus grows outside of it. This growth can be anywhere on the uterus, ovaries, bowels, tissues of the pelvis etc. The part of tissue that grows outside the uterus…

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Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections Bacterial, viral or infection caused by any other microbe that is passed on when a couple have sex (oral, vaginal, anal etc) is termed as ‘Sexually Transmitted Infection’. The diseases caused by these infections are called ‘Sexually Transmitted Diseases’. Some infections which are usually transferred during sex, also spread from non-sex related…

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Treatment methods of Urinary Incontinence

Treatment methods of Urinary Incontinence As you may have already read, Urinary Incontinence is a condition when urine leaks out involuntarily and the person will have barely any control over it. This happens because of improper coordination between the muscles surrounding the bladder (that holds the urine) and the muscles surrounding/supporting the urethra (that expels…

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10 Conditions When your Gynecologist advise Hysterectomy

10 Conditions when your gynecologist advise hysterectomy Hysterectomy – the procedure where the uterus/womb, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix etc are removed depending on the need and what type of hysterectomy is being performed. Did you know that Hysterectomy is the 2 nd most common surgery performed on women after Cesarean delivery? Ever thought under what…

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