Uterine polyps are unwanted growth of cells on the inner lining of the uterus. These cells grow into benign tumors and extend into the uterus and may be even into the vagina. They are also called endometrial polyps as they stem from the endometrium layer (inner lining) of the uterus. Learn more about Uterine Polyps – Symptoms and Causes by visiting this article.Details
Uterine polyps are unwanted growths (of cells) that start from the inner lining of the uterus and extend into the uterus. In some people, they extend into the cervix and even into the vagina. As some of you might be knowing, the inner lining of the uterus is called endometrium, thus the name ‘Endometrial Polyps’ for Uterine polyps.Details
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is a bodily response to the excess hormones given to the body after which the ovaries swell and become painful. Excess hormones are given to those women whose ovaries need stimulation to produce eggs while preparing them for an IVF procedure. Less frequently, Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome occurs when certain fertility related medicines are taken orally.Details
Mirena is a hormonal contraceptive that produces these hormones effectively slowing down the growth of endometrial layer. This acts as a birth control device too. Mirena also helps in easing pelvic inflammation and also control (reduce) menstrual bleeding.Details
Dysmenorrhea or Menstrual cramps are common during the menstrual cycle. Symptoms include cramps in the abdomen, bleeding (discharge of inner lining of the uterus along with other fluids), pain in lower back and thighs, fatigue and mood swings.
If the symptoms last longer than 5 days and if you think that is unusual, please speak to your gynaecologist immediately because the problem may be due to secondary dysmenorrhea that can indicate problem with any of the reproductive organs.
Genital Warts are caused by certain strains of Human Papilloma Virus, one of the widely spread Sexually Transmitted Infections. HPV can spread from skin to skin contact from infected individual to a healthy individual. Genital warts can be seen in both and men but women are more vulnerable to the infection. Vaccine is available for certain strains of HPV. Genital warts can show up after a long interval after infection. They can recur until the infection is treated.Details
Sex during pregnancy – Is it safe to have sex when pregnant or will it result in miscarriage? Why do some women feel contractions after having sex, does that indicate water breaking or any other problem? Do all women feel like having sex while they are pregnant? When should a pregnant woman actually take caution while having sex? Know answers to all these questions and more in one of the most read topics on the internet.Details
Geriatric pregnancy, a less commonly used term for women who get pregnant after 35 years of age. The term was widely used in the earlier decades when most of the women were getting pregnant during their 20s, but as the lifestyle of people has changed, getting pregnant in ‘elderly years’ has become a very common thing. Now-a-days, doctors and medical professionals call women who get pregnant after 35 as women in ‘advanced maternal age’.Details
A rectocele is a type of pelvic organ prolapse where the rectum bulges and pushes the back side (posterior) of vagina. Rectocele is also called ‘Posterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse’ or ‘Proctocele’. In our previous article, you would have read about ‘Anterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse’ in which the urinary bladder bulges into the front wall (anterior) of the vagina.Details
Bladder prolapse occurs due to weakening of muscles in the pelvis region. Symptoms of the bladder prolapse include bulged or feeling full in the vagina. Pain and problem when urination or having intercourse. If you see any of these symptoms, please talk to your gynecologist immediately. Once your gynecologist diagnoses you, you will be suggested with surgical or non surgical solutions depending on your condition.Details
Vaginal prolapse or pelvic organ prolapse occurs due to weakening of muscles in the pelvis region. Symptoms of the vaginal prolapse include bulged or feeling full in the pelvis region or abdomen. Pain and problem when urination or passing stools etc may also be seen. If you see any of these symptoms, please talk to your gynecologist immediately. Once your gynecologist diagnoses you, you will be suggested with surgical or non surgical solutions depending on your condition.Details
Uterine prolapse refers to a condition when the uterus drops down from its original position. Reasons can be many but it happens due to weakening of pelvic muscles. Weakening of pelvic muscles may be due to age, injury or trauma to the pelvis region, pregnancy, vaginal child, multiple vaginal child births or multiple surgeries to pelvic region. Fixing the uterus in its place or removing it completely are treatment options for uterine prolapse. Remedies for minor cases of prolapse include Kegel exercise, preventing constipation, avoiding lifting heavy weights etc.Details
There are several soft organs inside the pelvis region which are held in their place by the muscles and tissues in the area. As the muscles lose strength, the organs start to fall down causing pelvic organ prolapse. Almost every woman (and some men), suffer from pelvic organ prolapse. Women get it mainly due to the pressure laid by growing baby on the pelvic region during pregnancy and vaginal delivery that tears a lot of muscles and tissues. Multiple vaginal deliveries are going to make things worse unless the pelvic floor muscles are worked out and strengthened.Details
Herpes virus enters a healthy person’s body through the microscopic gaps in the mucus membranes present in the nose, mouth and in/on the genitals. Once the virus enters the body, it travels through the nerves and stays in the nerve tissues of the body. Usually they start multiplying quickly and the body starts showing symptoms.Details
Myomectomy procedure involves removal of fibroids. Once the fibroids are removed, they won’t grow back but there is a possibility of fibroids growing in different region. Myomectomy gets rid of the symptoms in about 90% of women. 33% of women who undergo Myomectomy will need another surgery, typically in next 5 years as the fibroids return, in different places. Hysterectomy is a procedure where the uterus is removed, giving no possibility of fibroids re-growth.Details
1. Diabetes is a condition where the sugar levels in blood are consistently higher.
2. Type 1 diabetes affects 10% of the people and rest of the 90% of diabetic people have Type 2.
3. Problem in and around vagina arises in women with diabetes.
4. PCOS, Infertility, miscarriage, difficulty in getting pregnant can be seen.
5. Other complications include kidney diseases, heart problems, blurred vision, amputation etc.
HPV – Human Papilloma Virus is one of the most common and easily transmissible sexually transmitted infections. Just like many other viral infections, HPV infection may not show any symptom at all in some patients and in some others, symptoms may show up after the sero-conversion period. Typically, sexually active people are at higher risk of acquiring the disease.Details
Cervical Dysplasia – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Summary Cervix is a connecting region between the vagina and the uterus. Development of pre-cancerous cells in the cervix region is called as Cervical Dysplasia. Human Papilloma Virus is one of the main causes of Cervical Dysplasia Typically no symptoms show up for Cervical Dysplasia. A pap test…Details
Vaginismus – Involuntary contraction of muscles around vagina Vaginismus is a medical condition wherein the muscles around the vagina contract involuntarily during sexual penetration. Due to the involuntary contraction, sexual penetration may not happen and can affect a woman (and her partner) in a negative way psychologically. Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles can happen not…Details
Dyspareunia (Painful Intercourse) – Causes & Treatment Dyspareunia refers to persistent and recurring pain during intercourse. While this is common in women who have reached menopause, there are several other medical conditions that can lead to Dyspareunia in younger women. When a woman is not able to enjoy her intimate moments, she consciously or unconsciously…Details
Vaginal Atrophy – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Vaginal Atrophy, also called Postmenopausal Atrophic Vaginitis is a condition when the walls of vagina become thin because of decreased estrogen levels. This is typically seen in women who have reached menopause state. At times, this happens in women while they are in their perimenopause stage. Menopause typically…Details
Pregnancy after Sterilization – Is it possible? What are the different ways in which a woman can be sterilized (family planning surgery)? Tubal Ligation – A surgery in which the fallopian tubes are disconnected. This can be done in several ways: Disconnect and close each open end with stitches Block with band or clips Cauterized…Details
Vaginal Cysts – Types, Diagnosis and Treatment Vaginal cysts are small lumps like structures that are formed in or around the vagina. Typically cysts contain air and a mix of fluids such as puss and blood. There are several kinds of cysts and out of those; three are prominent and mostly seen. Vaginal Inclusion Cysts…Details
Bicornuate Uterus and it’s impact on a woman’s fertility Uterus, normally called ‘womb’ of a woman is the place where the baby grows. Typical shape of a normal utereus is like a menstrual cup (to give you an idea) but a Bicornuate uterus is in the form of a heart (autin shaped), though not exactly…Details
Bartholin’s Cyst – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Before we get to know about the Bartholin’s Cyst, we need to brush up some of the basics. When a woman is aroused, it is common that her vagina gets wet as it get readies for sexual intercourse. Irrespective of whether the act will happen on not, lubricating…Details
The legal aspects of Medical Termination of Pregnancy in India Cutting the chase – Abortion (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) in India is legal on various circumstances and until 20 weeks of pregnancy. After 24 weeks of pregnancy, the woman has to get permission from the court to undergo abortion. Before 1971, Abortion was considered a…Details
Tubal Ligation – Another birth control method In our previous article, we came across using IUD – Intra Uterine Device as one of the effective and easier birth control options. In this article, let us look at another birth control method called Tubal Ligation which is a surgical procedure that helps in preventing pregnancy. No…Details
How do IUDs help in birth control? There are several birth control options available today for men and women including: Birth control pills – That are taken every day or on an emergency basis Vasectomy for men Tubal ligation for women where the fallopian tubes are disconnected Hysterectomy – removal of uterus IUD – Intra…Details
Laser therapy for Stress Urinary Incontinence What is Urinary Incontinence? Urinary Incontinence is involuntary loss of urine. The person will have no control on urine leakage. Vaginal birth is a leading cause of Urinary Incontinence in women. Along with that, age related changes such as the drop in estrogen levels that manage the tissues in…Details
Urinary Tract Infections What constitutes the Urinary Tract? Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder and the Urethra constitute the Urinary Tract. Infection to any of these organs is considered as Urinary Tract Infection or UTI. Typically it is common for Urethra (that sends urine out from bladder) and/or bladder to get infected, (They constitute of the Lower Urinary…Details
Treatment for Breast Cancer If you haven’t read about Breast Cancer types and symptoms, please visit the following article. Breast Cancer – types and symptoms Treatment for breast cancer aims at the following two targets: To remove as many cancer cells as possible from the body (or the affected area) To prevent recurrence of breast…Details
Breast Cancer – Types & Symptoms Cancer is caused by genetically mutated cells in the body that grow abnormally in number. Typical breast cancer is seen in the milk secreting glands (lobules) or in the ducts that move the milk from lobules out of the nipple. Occasionally, breast cancer can also be seen in the…Details
Cervical Cancer – Cancer of the Cervix Cervix is a part of the reproductive system in women that resides as a bridge between the vagina and the uterus. When cancerous /abnormal cells start growing in the cervix region, it is termed as cervical cancer. If ignored or left untreated, cancer can spread (metastasize) to other…Details
Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are those diseases caused by Sexually Transmitted Infections during sexual acts such as oral, vaginal or anal. Many STDs show no symptoms, especially those caused by viral infections. In some, symptoms may show up after certain period (may be after weeks or months). Common STD…Details
Bacterial Vaginosis – Symptoms, causes and Treatment What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis is an unpleasant medical condition of the vagina that produces stinky discharge due to imbalance and overgrowth of bacteria that is present in the vagina. Previously it was thought of as an infection from outside bacteria entering the body and causing the…Details
PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – What is it? ‘Polycystic’ means, having multiple cysts. This is quite a misnomer because; many women suffering from PCOS problem do not have any cysts at all. PCOS is a hormonal condition that some women get during their fertile age. This condition can affect the fertility of the person. …Details
Menstrual Cups – What every woman needs to know about them Menstrual Cup – A small, soft, flexible funnel like cup made of silicone or rubber that a woman can insert into her vagina to collect the blood and other fluids during her periods. Menstrual cups eliminate the use of pads or tampons during periods. …Details
Endometriosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is a condition where the lining of the uterus (called Endometrium) that usually grows inside the uterus grows outside of it. This growth can be anywhere on the uterus, ovaries, bowels, tissues of the pelvis etc. The part of tissue that grows outside the uterus…Details
Hormone Replacement Therapy: Good or Bad? As women enter their menopause stage between the ages of 50 – 55 years, they start having mild to severe symptoms including hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleeping problems, mood swings etc. HRT was introduced to alleviate these symptoms that are mainly caused due to lowered production of estrogen. During…Details
All you want to know about Birth Control Pills “The Pill” is what it is termed in the west. There are two different types of pills to prevent pregnancy. One that is taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex and other category are those that are taken every day to prevent pregnancy. In here, we…Details
Medical Termination of Pregnancy Medical Termination of Pregnancy, MTP refers to termination of pregnancy using medicines. MTP does not involve any surgery or anesthesia. Typically, these medicines are administered at the clinic or at home or in a combination for giving a time gap. In India, it is ‘perfectly legal for an adult woman to…Details
Sexually Transmitted Infections Bacterial, viral or infection caused by any other microbe that is passed on when a couple have sex (oral, vaginal, anal etc) is termed as ‘Sexually Transmitted Infection’. The diseases caused by these infections are called ‘Sexually Transmitted Diseases’. Some infections which are usually transferred during sex, also spread from non-sex related…Details
Menopause problems Menopause, is the age, typically around 50 to 55 in most women when they completely stop menstruating. This may sound like a relief to some but it has got its own problems. This is a natural process that every woman goes through but here are some symptoms that are common in women who…Details
Surgical options for Uterine Fibroids Fibroids are benign (not cancerous) lumps that form in the uterus or on the uterus or in the tissues surrounding the uterus. They vary in size and the number of fibroid tumours can vary from patient to patient. Many times, small fibroids don’t bother much but when they start showing…Details
Vaginal Infections Vaginal infection can be classified into two types. Infection in the vagina alone, called Vaginitis. Or infection or inflammation of both vagina and the vulva (the outer part of the vagina) is called Vulvovaginitis. How to know if your vagina is infected? Symptoms of vaginal infection include: Itching near or around the…Details
Treatment methods of Urinary Incontinence As you may have already read, Urinary Incontinence is a condition when urine leaks out involuntarily and the person will have barely any control over it. This happens because of improper coordination between the muscles surrounding the bladder (that holds the urine) and the muscles surrounding/supporting the urethra (that expels…Details
Urinary Incontinence In simple terms, Urinary Incontinence means ‘Uncontrolled leakage of Urine’. In a healthy person (whether man or woman), urine doesn’t leak unless the person wants to empty his/her bladder. But in people who are having this medical condition, urine leaks out when they cough, laugh, sneeze or put pressure on their pelvis area…Details
Vaginal Itching & Dryness At some point in time, every women experiences vaginal itching and some may experience dryness too. The reasons can vary from very simple habitual changes to serious infections that will need attention of a good gynaecologist. The important thing in treating vaginal itching is to identify the cause. Common causes of…Details
Vaginal Laxity What is vaginal laxity? Vaginal laxity is the loosening of vagina. Loosening of vagina is typically caused due to vaginal child birth, loosening of pelvic muscles and age. Vagina is stretched to a large extent when a woman is giving birth to a baby. The muscles and tissues that are stretched will not…Details
10 Conditions when your gynecologist advise hysterectomy Hysterectomy – the procedure where the uterus/womb, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix etc are removed depending on the need and what type of hysterectomy is being performed. Did you know that Hysterectomy is the 2 nd most common surgery performed on women after Cesarean delivery? Ever thought under what…Details
FAQs on Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy What preparations will be needed prior to surgery? Any investigations or consultations arranged at the preoperative consultation should have been completed, to make sure there are no medical conditions that may cause a problem during the surgery. Patients should not eat or drink anything after midnight on the night before…Details