General Gynecology including treatment for fibroids, ovarian cysts, sexually transmitted infections, hysterectomy, cancer treatment, endometriosis, vaginal infections, vaginal laxity, menopause problems etc
Heterotopic pregnancy is the combination of intrauterine pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy. This can happen more often when assisted reproduction techniques are used. As the fertilised egg grows into the baby, the fallopian tube may rupture and may lead to life threatening conditions.
An electrical suction or a syringe like device is used to suck the foetus out of the womb during the surgery. Here, let’s take a look at some differences between the procedures and then depending on your choice and your doctor’s advice, you can take the appropriate route if you plan to abort your baby.
Unconsummated marriage is a committed relationship where there hasn’t been any natural penetrative sex between the man and the woman. Please note that we are not talking about non-binary genders here. The reasons why the couple were not able to have sex depends on the physical and psychological conditions of either person.
Fistula in general means an unusual opening or connection between two places/organs in the body. Vesicovagnial fistula refers to the abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina. This condition can lead to leakage of urine from the bladder into and out of the vagina.
Vaginal yeast infection is caused by fungi. Actually due to the overgrowth of already present fungi inside the vagina. Vagina is an amazing place (from the perspective of the design of the human body we mean). Inside the vagina, bacteria and fungus are already present and they grow in balance.
Vaginal agenesis is a congenital (birth) defect that can make it impossible for a woman to have sex and to have a baby. This is a rare disorder, affecting only 1 in 5000 women. Women with this disorder have an undeveloped vagina or shorter vagina or even no vagina at all.
Itchy vagina is a more common problem in many women than you may think. There are many factors that can cause vaginal itch ranging from growing pubic hair (after shaving) to sexually transmitted infection.
Marsupialisation is a surgical procedure performed to treat Bartholin’s cyst. In this surgery, the Bartholin’s gland is cut open and the edges of the skin are sutured (not to each other) to form a continuous surface. This keeps the cut open and drains the puss (abscess) from the swollen gland.
Heavy menstrual bleeding, previously known as menorrhagia, can refer to any of the following among menstruating women:
a. Losing more blood during regular 5 days menstrual cycle
b. Periods lasting longer than 5 days.
Aborting pregnancy using medicines that you find online (including this article) or self abortion can lead to certain complications which you can easily avoid with one visit to your gynaecologist’s clinic before commencing the abortion with pills procedure.
Hyperemesis gravidarum is also called as “morning sickness during pregnancy”. A highly uncomfortable condition faced by women who are in the beginning stages of their pregnancy (in their 1st trimester). The condition goes away on its own in about 2 or 3 months. Feeling nauseated and vomiting during pregnancy is common but the hyperemesis gravidarum actually refers to an extreme condition of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.
Scanty periods or having lighter periods may come as a relief to you but if you see that your cycle is lighter for several months, you will need to see your gynecologist to figure out if there is a problem with your menstrual cycle or hormone levels in your body. There are several reasons that can make your periods scanty/lighter or even reduce to the level of just spotting including your age, body weight, contraceptives being used, current medications if any etc.
“Can you have sex during menstruation/periods? Is it safe to have unprotected sex during period? Will I get pregnant if I have unprotected sex during my periods?” I get such questions from at least 1 in 5 women who I see at my clinic, says Dr. Deepa Ganesh, one of the top gynecologists in Chennai. Here is all what you as a woman need to know about sex during menstruation.
An episiotomy is defined as a cut/incision made to the perineum to widen the delivery canal of the baby during child birth. Episiotomy is done to prevent severe tearing up of perineum by the body to deliver the child. Usually episiotomy is done when the child to be born has a problem coming out and in distress and at risk of losing life.
Uterine polyps are unwanted growth of cells on the inner lining of the uterus. These cells grow into benign tumors and extend into the uterus and may be even into the vagina. They are also called endometrial polyps as they stem from the endometrium layer (inner lining) of the uterus. Learn more about Uterine Polyps – Symptoms and Causes by visiting this article.
Uterine polyps are unwanted growths (of cells) that start from the inner lining of the uterus and extend into the uterus. In some people, they extend into the cervix and even into the vagina. As some of you might be knowing, the inner lining of the uterus is called endometrium, thus the name ‘Endometrial Polyps’ for Uterine polyps.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is a bodily response to the excess hormones given to the body after which the ovaries swell and become painful. Excess hormones are given to those women whose ovaries need stimulation to produce eggs while preparing them for an IVF procedure. Less frequently, Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome occurs when certain fertility related medicines are taken orally.
Mirena is a hormonal contraceptive that produces these hormones effectively slowing down the growth of endometrial layer. This acts as a birth control device too. Mirena also helps in easing pelvic inflammation and also control (reduce) menstrual bleeding.
Dysmenorrhea or Menstrual cramps are common during the menstrual cycle. Symptoms include cramps in the abdomen, bleeding (discharge of inner lining of the uterus along with other fluids), pain in lower back and thighs, fatigue and mood swings.
If the symptoms last longer than 5 days and if you think that is unusual, please speak to your gynaecologist immediately because the problem may be due to secondary dysmenorrhea that can indicate problem with any of the reproductive organs.
Genital Warts are caused by certain strains of Human Papilloma Virus, one of the widely spread Sexually Transmitted Infections. HPV can spread from skin to skin contact from infected individual to a healthy individual. Genital warts can be seen in both and men but women are more vulnerable to the infection. Vaccine is available for certain strains of HPV. Genital warts can show up after a long interval after infection. They can recur until the infection is treated.
Sex during pregnancy – Is it safe to have sex when pregnant or will it result in miscarriage? Why do some women feel contractions after having sex, does that indicate water breaking or any other problem? Do all women feel like having sex while they are pregnant? When should a pregnant woman actually take caution while having sex? Know answers to all these questions and more in one of the most read topics on the internet.
Geriatric pregnancy, a less commonly used term for women who get pregnant after 35 years of age. The term was widely used in the earlier decades when most of the women were getting pregnant during their 20s, but as the lifestyle of people has changed, getting pregnant in ‘elderly years’ has become a very common thing. Now-a-days, doctors and medical professionals call women who get pregnant after 35 as women in ‘advanced maternal age’.
A rectocele is a type of pelvic organ prolapse where the rectum bulges and pushes the back side (posterior) of vagina. Rectocele is also called ‘Posterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse’ or ‘Proctocele’. In our previous article, you would have read about ‘Anterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse’ in which the urinary bladder bulges into the front wall (anterior) of the vagina.
Bladder prolapse occurs due to weakening of muscles in the pelvis region. Symptoms of the bladder prolapse include bulged or feeling full in the vagina. Pain and problem when urination or having intercourse. If you see any of these symptoms, please talk to your gynecologist immediately. Once your gynecologist diagnoses you, you will be suggested with surgical or non surgical solutions depending on your condition.
Vaginal prolapse or pelvic organ prolapse occurs due to weakening of muscles in the pelvis region. Symptoms of the vaginal prolapse include bulged or feeling full in the pelvis region or abdomen. Pain and problem when urination or passing stools etc may also be seen. If you see any of these symptoms, please talk to your gynecologist immediately. Once your gynecologist diagnoses you, you will be suggested with surgical or non surgical solutions depending on your condition.
Uterine prolapse refers to a condition when the uterus drops down from its original position. Reasons can be many but it happens due to weakening of pelvic muscles. Weakening of pelvic muscles may be due to age, injury or trauma to the pelvis region, pregnancy, vaginal child, multiple vaginal child births or multiple surgeries to pelvic region. Fixing the uterus in its place or removing it completely are treatment options for uterine prolapse. Remedies for minor cases of prolapse include Kegel exercise, preventing constipation, avoiding lifting heavy weights etc.
There are several soft organs inside the pelvis region which are held in their place by the muscles and tissues in the area. As the muscles lose strength, the organs start to fall down causing pelvic organ prolapse. Almost every woman (and some men), suffer from pelvic organ prolapse. Women get it mainly due to the pressure laid by growing baby on the pelvic region during pregnancy and vaginal delivery that tears a lot of muscles and tissues. Multiple vaginal deliveries are going to make things worse unless the pelvic floor muscles are worked out and strengthened.
1. Diabetes is a condition where the sugar levels in blood are consistently higher.
2. Type 1 diabetes affects 10% of the people and rest of the 90% of diabetic people have Type 2.
3. Problem in and around vagina arises in women with diabetes.
4. PCOS, Infertility, miscarriage, difficulty in getting pregnant can be seen.
5. Other complications include kidney diseases, heart problems, blurred vision, amputation etc.
Vaginal cysts are small lumps like structures that are formed in or around the vagina. Typically cysts contain air and a mix of fluids such as puss and blood.
Bicornuate Uterus and it’s impact on a woman’s fertility Uterus, normally called ‘womb’ of a woman is the place where the baby grows. Typical shape of a normal utereus is like a menstrual cup (to give you an idea) but a Bicornuate uterus is in the form of a heart (autin shaped), though not exactly…
Bartholin’s Cyst – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Before we get to know about the Bartholin’s Cyst, we need to brush up some of the basics. When a woman is aroused, it is common that her vagina gets wet as it get readies for sexual intercourse. Irrespective of whether the act will happen on not, lubricating…
The legal aspects of Medical Termination of Pregnancy in India Cutting the chase – Abortion (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) in India is legal on various circumstances and until 20 weeks of pregnancy. After 24 weeks of pregnancy, the woman has to get permission from the court to undergo abortion. Before 1971, Abortion was considered a…
How do IUDs help in birth control? There are several birth control options available today for men and women including: Birth control pills – That are taken every day or on an emergency basis Vasectomy for men Tubal ligation for women where the fallopian tubes are disconnected Hysterectomy – removal of uterus IUD – Intra…
Urinary Tract Infections What constitutes the Urinary Tract? Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder and the Urethra constitute the Urinary Tract. Infection to any of these organs is considered as Urinary Tract Infection or UTI. Typically it is common for Urethra (that sends urine out from bladder) and/or bladder to get infected, (They constitute of the Lower Urinary…
Bacterial Vaginosis – Symptoms, causes and Treatment What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis is an unpleasant medical condition of the vagina that produces stinky discharge due to imbalance and overgrowth of bacteria that is present in the vagina. Previously it was thought of as an infection from outside bacteria entering the body and causing the…
PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – What is it? ‘Polycystic’ means, having multiple cysts. This is quite a misnomer because; many women suffering from PCOS problem do not have any cysts at all. PCOS is a hormonal condition that some women get during their fertile age. This condition can affect the fertility of the person. …
Menstrual Cups – What every woman needs to know about them Menstrual Cup – A small, soft, flexible funnel like cup made of silicone or rubber that a woman can insert into her vagina to collect the blood and other fluids during her periods. Menstrual cups eliminate the use of pads or tampons during periods. …