Uterine cancer affects a woman’s reproductive system. When healthy cells in the uterus change and grow out of control, a mass called a tumor is formed. Noncancerous conditions of the uterus include fibroids, which are benign tumors in the muscle of the uterus. There are two major types of uterine cancer viz; Adenocarcinoma and Sarcoma.
Ovarian cancer is caused by the growth of cancerous cell in the ovary. The majority of ovarian cancers arise from the epithelium (outer lining) of the ovary. Ovarian cancer can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
Cervical cancer occurs due to abnormal cell growth on the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus. Cervical cancer can be detected through a PAP test.
Laparoscopic removal of cancer:
Laparoscopic removal of cancer is also called MACS – Minimal Access Cancer Surgery. This procedure doesn’t actually change ‘what is done in removal of cancer tumors from the body’ but defines ‘how cancer tumors are removed from the body’. A very important aspect to bear in mind is that, one must question the expertise and experience of the gynecologist in performing laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic treatment involves precision and that comes with great experience.
Dr. Deepa Ganesh, is specialized in laparoscopic surgeries and has been successfully performing laparoscopic operations for the past 18 years across several hospitals and clinics in Chennai.
Advantages of using laparoscopy for removal of cancer tumors:
- Minimal access – very small incisions compared to conventional large incisions.
- Lesser blood loss and lesser pain. Blood transfusion may not be required.
- Reduced post-operative care requirement including the amount of medicines taken
- Reduced risk of infections due to less exposure of organs to open air
- Quick recovery – less time spent in healing and hospital stay
- Less time to return to work
- Smaller incisions – smaller scars than large incisions.
- The biggest benefit of laparoscopic removal of cancer tumors is recurrence. In a large group of patients who underwent laparoscopic removal of cancer tumors didn’t see the resurgence of cancer tumors compared to those who underwent conventional surgery.
There are certain drawbacks of laparoscopic surgery. Less experienced surgeon performing laparoscopy poses a higher risk for the health of the patient. The surgery depends on precision and if the gynaecologist is not experienced and not aware of 3D laparoscopy technology, they are prone to make errors that may take more time to heal and may lead to complications. Also, the laparoscope has restricted movements compared to hands.
Visit our Frequently Asked Questions on laparoscopic treatment section to know what you should do before, on the day and after laparoscopic procedure.